The implication from Zhuhai Hengqin new area on regional integration process under one country two systems

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The implication from Zhuhai Hengqin new area on regional integration process under one country two systems

 

Author: Wong, Yik Yan
Title: The implication from Zhuhai Hengqin new area on regional integration process under one country two systems
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2017
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Regional planning -- China
Regional economics -- China
Central-local government relations
Department: Faculty of Construction and Environment
Pages: 62 pages : color illustrations
Language: English
OneSearch: https://www.lib.polyu.edu.hk/bib/99102195
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/9095
Abstract: Under the era of globalization, the city-region approach becomes a policy tool to coordinate regional integration extensively. Basically, city-region is a form of spatial organization which aims to enhance the competitiveness of a region via promoting closer cooperation between cities. Yet, the concept develops widely and no longer limited under geographical boundary. City-region approach outspreads to the existing administrative boundaries and involves plenty of communication and cooperation works. As a result, the relationship of city-region becomes more complicated and difficult to achieve the vision nowadays. Many previous studies revealed that the city-region approach has its limitation, not all cities are beneficial or achieve the success under the partnership. However, the concept still well accepted in China. The central and local governments were enthusiastic to form city-regions and launched plenty of regional strategic plans in order to enhance the regional competiveness and attain sustainable development. Before handover to China in 1997, the regional cooperation between Hong Kong and the Mainland was limited to economic aspect due to political distrust. Situation changed in 2003 and the Hong Kong government aimed to participate in the PRD regional integration actively. In recent, the central government launched the "Bay Area" concept in the PRD region so as to implement a comprehensive regional development under the trend of sustainable. Being a member of PRD region is a fact and the Hong Kong government keen on this direction. In order to improve the relationship between Hong Kong and the Mainland and accelerate the progress of regional integration, it is necessary to investigate what are the successful keys to achieve this vision.
Although city-region is popular in academic, little research has been done on the discussion of city-region formation and the successful key elements to achieve the consensus of a city-region. In order to fill in the gap, there are three objectives of this paper: (1) to develop a model to examine the level of regional integration, (2) to examine the successful keys of achieving success of regional integration under One Country Two Systems via the case of Zhuhai Hengqin New Area, (3) to evaluate which parties should be involved and who takes the leader role to promote the regional integration. To achieve the aforementioned objectives, desktop research and four in-depth interviews were conducted from September 2016 to July 2017. This research has contributed to the literature and provides a room to discuss the sustainable regional development of the PRD. The core contributions of this research are as follows: (1) this study explained the level of regional integration between Hong Kong and other PRD cities via explaining from the model; (2) this study identified reasons behind of opposing to be part of the PRD regional members in reference to results from in-depth interviews; (3) this study indicated four key elements should be addressed while implementing regional integration projects in the future; (4) this study suggested to establish a mutual regional development office in order to coordinate and facilitate all regional projects; and (5) this study recommended that some policies of regional integration under the One Country Two Systems has been well implemented which could copy and modify to different situation. The more policies have been discussed and implemented based on the framework of the One Country Two Systems, the more opportunities on cooperation will be created. As a result, the Bay Area Plan progress can accelerate and achieve smoothly.

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