Challenging behaviors of patients with severe developmental disabilities in a hospital

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Challenging behaviors of patients with severe developmental disabilities in a hospital

 

Author: Chan, Wai-hung
Title: Challenging behaviors of patients with severe developmental disabilities in a hospital
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1999
Subject: Developmentally disabled -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Hospital patients -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Self-injurious behavior -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Stereotype (Psychology) -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Aggressiveness -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: vii, 75 leaves ; 31 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1477352
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/948
Abstract: A total of 300 patients with severe developmental disabilities in a hospital were assessed. Seventy-eight of them was found to engage in at least one form of challenging behavior. Higher prevalence rate of challenging behaviors was revealed in male patients than females. Higher prevalence was also seen in those with physical disabilities and functional deficits. Among the three behavior categories of self-injury, stereotypy and aggression, the most prevalent form was self-injury. The overall prevalence of challenging behaviors increased with age during early adulthood and reached a peak during the age range 29-38 year and then declined. About two-third of the patients showed only one form of challenging behavior. About half of the challenging behaviors were presented in moderate degree. "Sensory" accounted for about half of the behavioral functions. No "Escape" function appeared in the stereotyped behaviors. Twenty-six forms of challenging behaviors had multiple functions. Limitation of the study and recommendation were discussed.

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