An investigation of the cross-cultural adjustment of Hong Kong Chinese expatriates working and living in mainland China

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An investigation of the cross-cultural adjustment of Hong Kong Chinese expatriates working and living in mainland China

 

Author: Chan, Suet-lai
Title: An investigation of the cross-cultural adjustment of Hong Kong Chinese expatriates working and living in mainland China
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1997
Subject: Migrant labor -- China -- Hong Kong
Migrant labor -- China
Adjustment (Psychology)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Pages: iii, 70, [7] leaves ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1397922
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/973
Abstract: As a result of the rapid economic devel opment in China since 1980s and the special connection with China, Hong Kong has developed a rather unique business relationship with China. Hong Kong accounts for about 62% of foreign investment in China and an increasing number of Hong Kong residents are working and living in China. As Hong Kong is going to rejoin China as a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China in mid-1997, it is anticipated that Hong Kong will continue to play an active and vital role in China's economy. This study examined the various dependent variables (work adjustment, interaction with host nationals and general cultural adjustment) and independent variables (work related factors: role clarity, role conflict, role autonomy and role novelty; organizational factors: social support from superiors, benefits package and career development; and non-work factors: cultural novelty, spouse adjustment and the 1997 uncertainty factor) for a sample of 67 Hong Kong 'expats' working and living in China. Findings of this study showed that role clarity was a positive significant predictor to work and general cultural adjustments; spouse adjustment was a positive significant predictor to expatriates' general cultural adjustment; role novelty was a negative significant predictor to general cultural adjustment; while 1997 uncertainty factor was a negative significant predictor of all the three dimensions of adjustment. This study suggests a unique model of adjustment to expatriate literature and provide systematic empirical data to explain the three dimensions of adjustment of the Hong Kong 'expats' which can enhance our understanding of their life and work in China. Moreover, it has been suggested in this study that a set of variables significantly affecting Hong Kong expat's adjustment is somewhat different from that of the expatriates of other cultures as reported in previous researches.

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