Full metadata record
|Department:||Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology||en_US|
|Title:||25-hydroxyvitamin D 1α-hydroxylase gene expression : regulation by dietary P and parathyroid hormone||en_US|
|Abstract:||Renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D la-hydroxylase (1-OHase) is a key metabolic enzyme involved in biosynthesis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitmain D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. Decrease in renal 1-OHase activity is thought to be the primary cause of age-related alteration in vitamin D metabolism. In this study, we employed two different approaches to study the low phosphorus diet (LPD) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulation of renal 1 -OHase mRNA expression in vitro and in vivo at the molecular level. The first study examined the response of young (4-week-old) and adult (6-month-old) male Sprague Dawley rats to LPD (0.6 % Ca, 0.1% P) by using Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The result indicates that the response of 1-OHase expression to LPD was blunted in adult rats. The negative relationship between serum phosphorus and 1-OHase mRNA expression was also abolished in adult rats, suggesting serum P cannot mediate renal 1-OHase mRNA expression in adult rats. This study also demonstrates that the age-related alteration of vitamin D metabolism is not solely restricted to the 1-OHase expression, but also is involved in the 25-hydroxyvitamin D 24-alpha-hydroxylase (24-OHase) expression that governs the metabolic clearance of 1,25(OH)2D3. However, the mechanisms that cause the reduced 1-OHase expression remain to be determined. In the second part of the present study, we attempted to use cDNA microarray to search for possible mechanisms involved in the PTH regulation of 1-OHase in HKC-8 cell line. Several genes involved in differentiation were shown to be regulated by PTH in the renal proximal tubules. These genes might play important roles in mediating the action of PTH for performing its specific functions in the renal proximal tubules such as production of 1,25(OH)2D3||en_US|
|Pages:||x, 194 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm||en_US|
|Subject:||Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations||en_US|
Files in This Item:
|b16416934.pdf||For PolyU Staff & Students||6.16 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|9160.pdf||For All Users (Non-printable)||6.15 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
As a bona fide Library user, I declare that:
- I will abide by the rules and legal ordinances governing copyright regarding the use of the Database.
- I will use the Database for the purpose of my research or private study only and not for circulation or further reproduction or any other purpose.
- I agree to indemnify and hold the University harmless from and against any loss, damage, cost, liability or expenses arising from copyright infringement or unauthorized usage.
By downloading any item(s) listed above, you acknowledge that you have read and understood the copyright undertaking as stated above, and agree to be bound by all of its terms.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: