Author: Leung, Siu-man.
Title: Beliefs about appropriate pain behaviour : gender differences between health care professionals and non-health care professionals in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2008
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Pain -- Research -- China -- Hong Kong
Pain -- Sex factors
Medical personnel -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: xvii, 99 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Abstract: Background: This study was to examine the effects of the participants' gender on their beliefs among health care professionals and non-health care professionals regarding gender-appropriate pain behaviour using the Appropriate Pain Behaviour Questionnaire (APBQ). Methods: The study consisted of a survey of 152 participants. The participants were 38 male and 38 health care professionals while 38 male and 38 female non health care professionals. Each participant filled in both questionnaires, the APBQ-Female and APBQ-Male. Results: There was a significant effect of occupation: compared to both male and female non health care professionals, health care professionals rated pain behaviours in both genders to be more acceptable, F (1, 148) = 13.636, p< 0.01. There was a significant effect of genders: Female participants considered pain behaviours more acceptable than male participants, F (1, 148) = 5.056, p< 0.026. There was a significant effect between APBQ-M and APBQ-F: for both genders in both occupations, pain behaviours in women were rated as more acceptable than in men. Moreover, a significant interaction was found between APBQ and gender F (1,148) = 5.056, p < 0.03. Male and female participants of both occupations were equally accepting of pain behaviours in women, but female participants were more accepting of pain behaviours in women than male participants, p<0.05. There were also a significant interaction between APBQ and occupation, F (1, 148) = 6.231, P < 0.02. It showed that health care professional and non health care professional of both genders were significantly more accepting of pain behaviour in women than men, but health care professional participants were significantly more accepting of pain behaviours in men than non health care professional participants, p<0.001. Conclusions: Health care professional's participants would consider overt pain-related behaviours by both men and women to more acceptable than non health care professionals. Both genders and both occupations would consider overt pain-related behaviours to more acceptable in women than in men. Health care professionals need to be aware that their attitude to pain behaviours may influence their management of patients, and that different genders experienced pain differently. This has clear implications in terms of clinical treatment and diagnosis.
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