Author: Xu, Hanhua
Title: How am I supposed to live without you : an investigation of antecedents and consequences of workplace ostracism
Degree: Ph.D.
Year: 2012
Subject: Bullying in the workplace
Interpersonal relations.
Psychology, Industrial.
Employees -- Psychology.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Department of Management and Marketing
Pages: 170 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Abstract: This dissertation investigates workplace ostracism in terms of (1) the antecedents of workplace ostracism; (2) the influences of ostracism on interpersonal emotions; and (3) and the diverse behavioral consequences of ostracism. We conducted three empirical studies. In Study 1 (Chapter 2), we examined how narcissism as a personality trait of the target is related to workplace ostracism. Using two independent samples, we found that in teams with a higher level of goal interdependence, narcissists are least likely to be ostracized when they have a high expertise status, whereas in teams with a lower level of goal interdependence, they are most likely to be ostracized when they have a low expertise status. In Study 2 (Chapter 3), we examined the relationship between ostracism and employees' emotional reactions at the dyadic-level, and identified factors that intensify the negative emotions of ostracized team members. Social relations analyses revealed that ostracism toward another arouses negative emotions (i.e., anger, sadness, humiliation, and anxiety) in the target when interacting with the perpetrator. Such negative emotional reactions are exacerbated when the target perceives a low level of ostracism from other team members or a low level of ostracism from the perpetrator to other team members. In Study 3 (Chapter 4), we examined the conditions under which ostracism deters social loafing and organizational deviance and promotes helping. We found that when team identification is high, ostracism acts as an informal sanction that decreases employees' social loafing and organizational deviance and increases their helping behavior. The implications of the three studies for theory and practice are discussed.
Rights: All rights reserved
Access: open access

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
b2530138x.pdfFor All Users1.48 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Copyright Undertaking

As a bona fide Library user, I declare that:

  1. I will abide by the rules and legal ordinances governing copyright regarding the use of the Database.
  2. I will use the Database for the purpose of my research or private study only and not for circulation or further reproduction or any other purpose.
  3. I agree to indemnify and hold the University harmless from and against any loss, damage, cost, liability or expenses arising from copyright infringement or unauthorized usage.

By downloading any item(s) listed above, you acknowledge that you have read and understood the copyright undertaking as stated above, and agree to be bound by all of its terms.

Show full item record

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: