Author: Liu, Xiaoyu
Title: Study and evaluate the environmental impact, problems, health and safety issues of chemical and hazardous wastes in China
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2012
Subject: Hazardous wastes -- China.
Factory and trade waste -- Environmental aspects -- China.
Hazardous wastes -- China -- Hong Kong.
Factory and trade waste -- Environmental aspects -- China -- Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Pages: 212 leaves : ill. (chiefly col.), col. maps ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Abstract: Since the reformation and opening policy was initiated in 1978, China's economy development keeps an incredible high speed. However, along with the rapid economic development, the generated hazardous waste has already made serious pollution to the soil, air and water, posing great threats to the public health and environmental security, especially at the areas with high density of heavy industries. Hazardous waste pollution in China has becoming a major environmental problem already. One of the Special Administrative Regions in China, Hong Kong, one of the world's leading international financial centers, was developed from a small fishing village formerly. In the long realization process of modernization, Hong Kong had developed some heavy industries which generated serious chemical pollution, such as shipbuilding, ship repair, mining, steel and cement, etc, to the accompanying chemical waste; the Hong Kong Government adopted timely measures and made reasonable policies. This dissertation introduced background information, present situation, the related government legislation control, policy, and the centralized treatment facility of chemical and hazardous waste in Hong Kong and China respectively. The study and evaluation to the chemical and hazardous waste pollution in China was conducted by the chemical property (organic pollution and inorganic pollution), two kinds of pollutants were chosen for separated study (oily waste, electroplating and PCB manufacturing pollution), and several accidents happened in recent years which were caused by chemical and hazardous waste were discussed. Finally, comprehensive evaluations, analysis and comparisons of chemical and hazardous waste in Hong Kong and China were carried out with the aspects as treatment facilities, legislation control and policy, safety issues, implementation and so on. Recommendations about the controlling, prevention and treatment to chemical and hazardous waste were raised for China with taking the China's actual conditions into consideration.
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