|Title:||Balancing interests in urban village renewal : a case study of Dachong village in Shenzhen|
|Subject:||Urban renewal -- China -- Shenzhen Shi.|
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
|Department:||Faculty of Construction and Land Use|
|Pages:||xi, 137 leaves : ill. (some col.), col. maps ; 30 cm.|
|Abstract:||With rapid urban development since the start of China's economic reform, cities sprawl to the suburban districts. Many rural areas have become urban areas. However, the government's land acquisition approach which tries to avoid high land compensation costs and negative social impacts has given rise to the phenomenon of "urban villages" across throughout the Pearl River Delta (PRD). The urban villages which have many associated problems, such as safety and slum environment, have also come about because of China's dual-track land ownership system. Cities are facing severe land constraints, rapid expansion, and serious problems caused by urban villages, and so it is urgent to carry out the renewal of urban villages. Urban renewal is a process that each city must undergo in its lifecycle. Renewal is essential to enhance the physical, social, environmental, economical and cultural standards of living. A balance among all these aspects would ideally be achieved in the pursuit of sustainable urban development. However, the government and real estate developers face various challenges when pursuing urban village renewal. One major challenge concerns compensation standards and temporary rehousing arrangement for those affected during the construction period, as the general public is increasingly aware of the value of real estate. Urban village renewal needs to address the complex relationships between the many and different stakeholders and their interests as well as what is best for the city's future development. Therefore, how to reach a good balance that satisfies both the demands of the various stakeholders and the general urban development of the wider city is the key objective in urban village renewal.|
In order to reach the above objective, a number of important issues should be examined such as the causes of urban villages, urban village development, and characteristics of urban villages, interest and relationships of different stakeholders. Based on a theoretical discussion about urban village renewal, this thesis examines a case study of Dachong Village renewal in Shenzhen, and examines how the proper implementation of a feasible plan and strategies can satisfy stakeholders' interest and maintain friendly relationship among the different stakeholders. More importantly, this paper aims to illustrate how different renewal modes can influence the outcomes of urban village renewal by comparing government-led planning and developer-led planning. After an analysis of the successful Dachong village renewal, this thesis discusses how the implementation of Dachong village renewal can inform future practices. We find that although the government plays an important role in the process of the urban village renewal, developer-led planning is more feasible and flexible than government-led planning not only in terms of the compensation and temporary rehousing arrangement standards but also from the perspective of site planning and architecture design. In addition, the Dachong Village Renewal Plan 2008 also shows us how to pursue maximum public interest within a context of high density residential development.
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