Author: Yao, Kin-hing Paul
Title: Conditions for building mentoring relationship : a study of "Beijing intensive community mentoring"
Degree: DSW
Year: 2013
Subject: Mentoring -- China
Children of migrant laborers -- Services for -- China
Youth development -- China
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Department of Applied Social Sciences
Pages: xii, 277 pages ; 30 cm
Language: English
Abstract: Youth Mentoring is a means for enhancing the growth of young people in different places of the world. In China, lots of children from migrant families are facing difficulties in their processes of growth. In order to enhance the growth of these migrant children, "Beijing Intensive Community Mentoring" was launched in 2008 by providing mentoring services. Mentoring relationship is important for the success of the mentoring services. According to western literatures, different conditions for building mentoring relationship should be presented in order to enhancing the building of relationship. The researcher has carried out a content analysis in which different stakeholders' reports (mentors' reports, mentees feeling reports, supervisors' reports, and universities or tertiary institutions' reports) were examined to find out the conditions for building mentoring relationship in the "Beijing Intensive Community Mentoring" programme in order to create evidence-based knowledge for future practitioners of mentoring in China. The stakeholders’ reports were examined by two coders, the researcher and a second coder. The researcher coded all the stakeholders' reports and 70.93% of the reports were recoded to check the intra-rater reliability. The second coder coded 19.77% of the stakeholders' reports to check the inter-rater reliability. Both intra-rater reliability and inter-rater reliability are high. All the coding was done with the help of qualitative research software called Nvivo. The research results showed that the conditions and important conditions for building mentoring relationship are mainly divided into two categories, people and the environment of the mentoring programme. Within the category of people, mentors, mentees, supervisors, school teachers, and parents of the mentees all contributed conditions for the building of mentoring relationship. Within the category of environment of the mentoring programme, time, matching of mentors and mentees, activities of the mentoring programme, and training and supportive supervision programme also contributed conditions for building mentoring relationship.
The research results also showed that some of the conditions for building mentoring relationship in Beijing are unique. First of all, mentors should have appropriate counselling skills to build mentoring relationship. Secondly, mentors should build relationship with their mentees' parents because without the support of the parents, the mentees may not be able to join the activities of the mentoring programme and mentoring relationship could not be built eventually. Lastly, adventure-based activities provided opportunities for mentors and mentees to face difficulties together and build up trustful relationship. Based on the research findings, the researcher has made several recommendations for future mentoring practitioners in Beijing. Firstly, training is essential for mentors, mentees and their parents. In order to build up mentoring relationship, mentors will do well to learn counselling skills from training programmes. Secondly, more adventure-based activities would provide opportunities for mentors and mentees in building up their trustful relationship. Thirdly, enough time for relationship building should be provided. Fourthly, indigenization of this mentoring programme which modeled after the Hong Kong experience is needed to cater for the unique conditions discovered in Beijing. Fifthly, the selection and monitoring mechanism of mentors should be improved to raise the quality of mentoring. Sixthly, the withdrawal rate of the mentees should be reduced. Lastly, mentors should establish good relationship with the mentees’ parents to gain their support.

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