|Luo, Jian Ming
|Hotel development under urbanization in China
|Hotels -- China -- Guangdong Sheng
Urbanization -- China -- Guangdong Sheng
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
|School of Hotel and Tourism Management
|xiv, 159 pages : illustrations, maps ; 30 cm
|Tourism and hospitality industry in China witnessed a dramatic development from 1978 to 2011. The number of hotels grew from 137 in 1978 to 13552 in 2011. In 2011, the number of overseas tourists entering China reached 135.42 million; the number of domestic tourists reached 2.64 billion; and tourism revenue reached 2.2435 trillion RMB. The service industry's contribution to GDP increased from 17.3 percent in 1990 to 43.1 percent in 2011. Urbanization has been playing a facilitating role in the hotel development since the economic development of China. Indeed, China was probably one of the countries in the world with the fastest urbanization rate. The number of cities in China increased from 193 in 1978 to 857 in 2011. The degree of urbanization increased from 17.92 percent in 1978 to about 51.27 percent in China in 2011. Urbanization has been a remarkable social phenomenon in the world since the 19th and 20th centuries. This has transformed the spatial and social configurations of human societies. However, this issue has rarely been investigated in tourism and hospitality literature. This study makes a systematic analysis of the relationship between urbanization and hotel development. A two-stage approach, which includes quantitative and qualitative research methods, is adopted to achieve the research objectives. In the first stage, this study employs qualitative method using semi-structured interview. Eighteen personal interviews, which are based on convenient samples from Guangdong' government officers and hotel general managers, are conducted. This study explores the dimensionalities of the urbanization, which included economic, population, social cultural and geographical landscape.
In the second stage, this study employs quantitative method using secondary data. This study analyzes the historical process of urbanization and hotel development using statistical yearbook data from 21 cities during 1995-2012 at city level in Guangdong Province. This study conducts a statistical analysis, including descriptive statistics and regression analysis. This study estimates the impact of urbanization on star-rated hotel development, including upscale hotel and economy and midscale hotel development. This study appoints four different estimation methods: pooled OLS, Feasible Generalized Least Squares (FGLS), Random Effect model (RE), and Fixed Effect model (FE) to study urbanization effects at provincial, regional and city level. The relationships among each construct are explored, and the findings support the proposed model. This study further provides theoretical and practical implications of the findings and recommendations for hotel stakeholders, including practitioners, government officers and city planners, to promote hospitality and tourism development in China. In conclusion, this study intends to bridge the gap between the level of urbanization and hotel development. A conceptual model is developed to describe the relationship between urbanization and hotel development. The results of this study are satisfactory and are supported by empirical evidence. The implications of the research findings are provided to the hospitality and tourism industry. It is recommended that future researches should be conducted in order to consolidate the knowledge and form rigorous theories in hospitality and tourism research.
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