Author: Jia, Kanghao
Title: Internet of things : R&D of a peer-to-peer cooperative mapping and navigation system
Advisors: Ho, Wang-hei Ivan (EIE)
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2017
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Internet of things
Machine-to-machine communications
Automobiles -- Automatic control
Intelligent transportation systems
Department: Department of Electronic and Information Engineering
Pages: x, 90 pages : color illustrations
Language: English
Abstract: Recently, Autonomous vehicles have been one of the most popular topics in recent research. The new breed of vehicles with deep integration of information and computing technology is able to drive itself without human control. And intelligent cars could communicate with RSU (Road Side Units) to handle and process real-time dynamic traffic information to navigate automatically. In this research, intelligent navigation system including hidden obstacle detection and efficient information transmission between vehicles and infrastructure is developed based on the Robot Operating System (ROS). 3D point cloud data acquired by on-board sensors currently can actually be transmitted among autonomous vehicles for cooperative navigation. Since 3D point cloud contains massive data which needs a lot of bandwidth to transmit, compression techniques and efficient transmission schemes are required and taken into account in this research. In this thesis, ROS is served as the platform for our mapping and navigation system. The system contains two parts: map transmission and path planning. For map transmission, Octree-based point-cloud compression is adopted to compress 3D point cloud data and optimal index coding is used for efficient transmission. Before encoding the maps, random sample consensus algorithm is utilized for ground detection to match a pair of maps. For path planning, the object detection algorithm is applied to achieve this purpose, but it has roughly 4-5 seconds delay for navigation. Therefore, particle filter is considered to track and predict obstacle's position to solve the delay problem. Finally, in our experiment, two wifibots are able to exchange map information with each other through RSU and avoid hidden obstacle efficiently.
Rights: All rights reserved
Access: restricted access

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