Author: Law, Yee-man
Title: Family factors and internet addiction among junior secondary school students in Hong Kong
Degree: DSW
Year: 2018
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Internet addiction in adolescence -- China -- Hong Kong
Internet and teenagers -- China -- Hong Kong
Parent and teenager -- China -- Hong Kong
Families -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: Department of Applied Social Sciences
Pages: 291 pages : illustrations
Language: English
Abstract: Adolescent Internet addiction is increasing around the world. The literature has shown that Internet addiction adversely affects different developmental domains in adolescents, including the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual domains. According to the ecological perspective, different systems such as school, community, and peer systems contribute to adolescent Internet addiction. However, when compared with other systems, research examining how family processes contribute to adolescent Internet addiction is lacking, particularly in Chinese societies. To fill the research gap, this study examined how different family processes, including parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, parent-child relational qualities, and family functioning, influence adolescent Internet addiction. A total of 3,328 Hong Kong secondary one students were included in the study, which measured perceived behavioral control, perceived psychological control, parent-child relational qualities, family functioning, and adolescent Internet addiction. Regarding the measurements of dyadic parent-child relational qualities, both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that three distinct factors (parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities) were extracted from the father-child and mother-child relational qualities measures. The findings supported the hypothesized models, with good internal consistency for the various scales and subscales. Consistent with the predictions, while parental behavioral control and parent-child relational qualities were negatively associated with adolescent Internet addiction, parental psychological control was positively correlated with adolescent Internet addiction. Multiple regression analyses showed that parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, parent-child relational qualities, and family functioning predicted adolescent Internet addiction. Compared with mother-child relational processes, paternal behavioral control, father-child relational quality, and father-child subsystem showed stronger effects on adolescent Internet addiction. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed in later chapters.
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